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Schoetz, U.* ; Klein, D.* ; Hess-Rieger, J. ; Shnayien, S.* ; Spoerl, S.* ; Orth, M.* ; Mutlu, S.* ; Hennel, R.* ; Sieber, A.* ; Ganswindt, U.* ; Luka, B.* ; Thomsen, A.R.* ; Unger, K. ; Jendrossek, V.* ; Zitzelsberger, H. ; Bluethgen, N.* ; Belka, C. ; Unkel, S.* ; Klinger, B.* ; Lauber, K.

Early senescence and production of senescence-associated cytokines are major determinants of radioresistance in head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma.

Cell Death Dis. 12:1162 (2021)
Publ. Version/Full Text DOI
Open Access Gold
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Resistance against radio(chemo)therapy-induced cell death is a major determinant of oncological treatment failure and remains a perpetual clinical challenge. The underlying mechanisms are manifold and demand for comprehensive, cancer entity- and subtype-specific examination. In the present study, resistance against radiotherapy was systematically assessed in a panel of human head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cell lines and xenotransplants derived thereof with the overarching aim to extract master regulators and potential candidates for mechanism-based pharmacological targeting. Clonogenic survival data were integrated with molecular and functional data on DNA damage repair and different cell fate decisions. A positive correlation between radioresistance and early induction of HNSCC cell senescence accompanied by NF-kappa B-dependent production of distinct senescence-associated cytokines, particularly ligands of the CXCR2 chemokine receptor, was identified. Time-lapse microscopy and medium transfer experiments disclosed the non-cell autonomous, paracrine nature of these mechanisms, and pharmacological interference with senescence-associated cytokine production by the NF-kappa B inhibitor metformin significantly improved radiotherapeutic performance in vitro and in vivo. With regard to clinical relevance, retrospective analyses of TCGA HNSCC data and an in-house HNSCC cohort revealed that elevated expression of CXCR2 and/or its ligands are associated with impaired treatment outcome. Collectively, our study identifies radiation-induced tumor cell senescence and the NF-kappa B-dependent production of distinct senescence-associated cytokines as critical drivers of radioresistance in HNSCC whose therapeutic targeting in the context of multi-modality treatment approaches should be further examined and may be of particular interest for the subgroup of patients with elevated expression of the CXCR2/ligand axis.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords Secretory Phenotype; Lines; Radiotherapy; Inhibition; Models; P53
ISSN (print) / ISBN 2041-4889
e-ISSN 2041-4889
Quellenangaben Volume: 12, Issue: 12, Pages: , Article Number: 1162 Supplement: ,
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Publishing Place Campus, 4 Crinan St, London, N1 9xw, England
Reviewing status Peer reviewed
Institute(s) CCG Personalized Radiotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer (KKG-KRT)
Research Unit Radiation Cytogenetics (ZYTO)
Grants FoFoLe program of the Medical faculty of the LMU Munich
BMBF
German Cancer Consortium (DKTK)
DFG