Introduction: The apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype is the strongest genetic risk factor for late-onset Alzheimer's disease. However, its effect on lipid metabolic pathways, and their mediating effect on disease risk, is poorly understood. Methods: We performed lipidomic analysis on three independent cohorts (the Australian Imaging, Biomarkers and Lifestyle [AIBL] flagship study, n = 1087; the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative [ADNI] 1 study, n = 819; and the Busselton Health Study [BHS], n = 4384), and we defined associations between APOE ε2 and ε4 and 569 plasma/serum lipid species. Mediation analysis defined the proportion of the treatment effect of the APOE genotype mediated by plasma/serum lipid species. Results: A total of 237 and 104 lipid species were associated with APOE ε2 and ε4, respectively. Of these 68 (ε2) and 24 (ε4) were associated with prevalent Alzheimer's disease. Individual lipid species or lipidomic models of APOE genotypes mediated up to 30% and 10% of APOE ε2 and ε4 treatment effect, respectively. Discussion: Plasma lipid species mediate the treatment effect of APOE genotypes on Alzheimer's disease and as such represent a potential therapeutic target.
FörderungenAustin Health, and CogState Ltd. Dementia Australia Research Foundation Scholarship Victorian Government's Operational Infrastructure Support Program Commonwealth. Scientific Industrial and Research Organization [CSIRO] Edith CowanUniversity [ECU] Mental Health Research institute [MHRI] National Ageing Research Institute [NARI] Dementia Collaborative Research Centre (DCRC2) Science and Industry Endowment Fund (SIEF) Cooperative Research Centre (CRC) Qatar National Research Fund NLM NIA NIH National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) of Australia