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Markus, M.R.* ; Stritzke, J.* ; Wellmann, J.* ; Duderstadt, S.* ; Siewert, U.* ; Lieb, W.* ; Luchner, A.* ; Döring, A. ; Keil, U.* ; Schunkert, H.* ; Hense, H.W.*

Implications of prevalent and incident diabetes mellitus on left ventricular geometry and function in the ageing heart: The MONICA/KORA Augsburg cohort study.

Nutr. Metab. Cardiovasc. Dis. 21, 189-196 (2011)
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It is unclear to what extent diabetes modulates the ageing-related adaptations of cardiac geometry and function. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 1005 adults, aged 25-74 years, from a population-based survey at baseline in 1994/5 and at follow-up in 2004/5. We compared persistently non-diabetic individuals (ND; no diabetes at baseline and at follow-up, n=833) with incident (ID; non-diabetic at baseline and diabetic at follow-up, n=36) and with prevalent diabetics (PD; diabetes at baseline and follow-up examination, n=21). Left ventricular (LV) geometry and function were evaluated by echocardiography. Statistical analyses were performed with multivariate linear regression models. Over ten years the PD group displayed a significantly stronger relative increase of LV mass (+9.34% vs. +23.7%) that was mediated by a more pronounced increase of LV end-diastolic diameter (+0% vs. +6.95%) compared to the ND group. In parallel, LA diameter increased (+4.50% vs. +12.7%), whereas ejection fraction decreased (+3.02% vs. -4.92%) more significantly in the PD group. Moreover, at the follow-up examination the PD and ID groups showed a significantly worse diastolic function, indicated by a higher E/EM ratio compared with the ND group (11.6 and 11.8 vs. 9.79, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Long-standing diabetes was associated with an acceleration of age-related changes of left ventricular geometry accumulating in an eccentric remodelling of the left ventricle. Likewise, echocardiographic measures of systolic and diastolic ventricular function deteriorated more rapidly in individuals with diabetes.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Diabetes mellitus; Population-based study; Risk factors; Echocardiography
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0939-4753
Quellenangaben Band: 21, Heft: 3, Seiten: 189-196 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed