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Kim, D.-K. ; Weller, B. ; Lin, C.-W. ; Sheykhkarimli, D.* ; Knapp, J.J.* ; Dugied, G.* ; Zanzoni, A.* ; Pons, C.* ; Tofaute, M.J. ; Maseko, S.B.* ; Spirohn, K.* ; Laval, F.* ; Lambourne, L.* ; Kishore, N.* ; Rayhan, A.* ; Sauer, M. ; Young, V. ; Halder, H. ; Marin De La Rosa, N.A. ; Pogoutse, O.* ; Strobel, A. ; Schwehn, P. ; Li, R.* ; Rothballer, S.T. ; Altmann, M. ; Cassonnet, P.* ; Coté, A.G.* ; Elorduy Vergara, L. ; Hazelwood, I.* ; Liu, B.B.* ; Nguyen, M.* ; Pandiarajan, R. ; Dohai, B.S.M. ; Rodriguez, P.A. ; Poirson, J.* ; Giuliana, P.* ; Willems, L.* ; Taipale, M.* ; Jacob, Y.* ; Hao, T.* ; Hill, D.E.* ; Brun, C.* ; Twizere, J.C.* ; Krappmann, D. ; Heinig, M. ; Falter, C. ; Aloy, P.* ; Demeret, C.* ; Vidal, M.* ; Calderwood, M.A.* ; Roth, F.B.* ; Falter-Braun, P.

A proteome-scale map of the SARS-CoV-2-human contactome.

Nat. Biotechnol. 41, 140–149 (2023)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Understanding the mechanisms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) disease severity to efficiently design therapies for emerging virus variants remains an urgent challenge of the ongoing pandemic. Infection and immune reactions are mediated by direct contacts between viral molecules and the host proteome, and the vast majority of these virus-host contacts (the 'contactome') have not been identified. Here, we present a systematic contactome map of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) with the human host encompassing more than 200 binary virus-host and intraviral protein-protein interactions. We find that host proteins genetically associated with comorbidities of severe illness and long COVID are enriched in SARS-CoV-2 targeted network communities. Evaluating contactome-derived hypotheses, we demonstrate that viral NSP14 activates nuclear factor κB (NF-κB)-dependent transcription, even in the presence of cytokine signaling. Moreover, for several tested host proteins, genetic knock-down substantially reduces viral replication. Additionally, we show for USP25 that this effect is phenocopied by the small-molecule inhibitor AZ1. Our results connect viral proteins to human genetic architecture for COVID-19 severity and offer potential therapeutic targets.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0733-222X
e-ISSN 1546-1696
Zeitschrift Nature Biotechnology
Quellenangaben Band: 41, Heft: , Seiten: 140–149 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Nature Publishing Group
Verlagsort New York, NY
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Förderungen Helmholtz Zentrum München - Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Gesundheit und Umwelt (GmbH
Fonds De La Recherche Scientifique - FNRS (Belgian National Fund for Scientific Research)