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Rodzik, A.* ; Król-Górniak, A.* ; Railean, V.* ; Sugajski, M.* ; Gołębiowski, A.* ; Horne, D.S.* ; Michalke, B. ; Sprynskyy, M.* ; Pomastowski, P.* ; Buszewski, B.*

Study on zinc ions binding to the individual casein fractions: αS1-, β- and κ-casein.

J. Mol. Structure 1272:134251 (2023)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
The presented work is focused on the isotherm study on the Zn2+ ions binding to the individual casein fractions: αS1-, β- and κ-casein (αS1CN, βCN and κCN). The experimental isotherms were evaluated using Freundlich and Langmuir models. Subsequently, the stability of the obtained complexes in the respective Zn2+ ion concentrations (120, 350, 600 mg/L) was determined by carrying out zeta potential measurements. Capillary electrophoresis combined with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (CE-ICP-MS) confirmed the occurring binding process. Additionally, physicochemical characteristics of the obtained metal-protein complexes was performed including scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in two modes (SE and Z-contrast) and the binding sites of caseins to Zn2+ ions were indicated using attenuated total reflectance infrared spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR) and Raman analysis as well as mass spectrometry technique (MALDI-TOF MS). Isothermal studies indicated a heterogeneously complex zinc ion adsorption process, and a stability study showed that the zeta potential is strongly related to the hydrophobicity, size and structure of the casein isoforms studied. Electron microscopy confirmed the modification of casein surfaces due to the addition of Zn2+ ions. Spectroscopic techniques indicated the interaction of zinc ions with polar amino acids of casein, such as glutamic acid (Glu) and aspartic acid (Asp), but also His, Cys. The influence of phosphate groups was also observed. Finally, the study culminated in a molecular docking study of the Zn2+ ion binding process, which confirmed the presence of the listed amino acids responsible for the binding process.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Caseins ; Maldi-tof/ms ; Molecular Docking ; Spectroscopic Study ; Zinc
Quellenangaben Band: 1272, Heft: , Seiten: , Artikelnummer: 134251 Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Verlagsort Amsterdam
Förderungen European Regional Development Fund
Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika w Toruniu
Ministry of Education and Science
Narodowe Centrum Nauki
European Commission