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Wirth, A.-K. ; Wange, L.* ; Vosberg, S.* ; Henrich, K.O.* ; Rausch, C.* ; Özdemir, E. ; Zeller, C. ; Richter, D.* ; Feuchtinger, T.* ; Kaller, M.* ; Hermeking, H.* ; Greif, P.A.* ; Senft, D. ; Jurinovic, V. ; Bahrami, E. ; Jayavelu, A.K.* ; Westermann, F.* ; Mann, M.* ; Enard, W.* ; Herold, T. ; Jeremias, I.

In vivo PDX CRISPR/Cas9 screens reveal mutual therapeutic targets to overcome heterogeneous acquired chemo-resistance.

Leukemia 36, 2863–2874 (2022)
Verlagsversion Forschungsdaten DOI
Open Access Gold (Paid Option)
Creative Commons Lizenzvertrag
Resistance towards cancer treatment represents a major clinical obstacle, preventing cure of cancer patients. To gain mechanistic insights, we developed a model for acquired resistance to chemotherapy by treating mice carrying patient derived xenografts (PDX) of acute lymphoblastic leukemia with widely-used cytotoxic drugs for 18 consecutive weeks. In two distinct PDX samples, tumors initially responded to treatment, until stable disease and eventually tumor re-growth evolved under therapy, at highly similar kinetics between replicate mice. Notably, replicate tumors developed different mutations in TP53 and individual sets of chromosomal alterations, suggesting independent parallel clonal evolution rather than selection, driven by a combination of stochastic and deterministic processes. Transcriptome and proteome showed shared dysregulations between replicate tumors providing putative targets to overcome resistance. In vivo CRISPR/Cas9 dropout screens in PDX revealed broad dependency on BCL2, BRIP1 and COPS2. Accordingly, venetoclax re-sensitized derivative tumors towards chemotherapy, despite genomic heterogeneity, demonstrating direct translatability of the approach. Hence, despite the presence of multiple resistance-associated genomic alterations, effective rescue treatment for polychemotherapy-resistant tumors can be identified using functional testing in preclinical models.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0887-6924
e-ISSN 1476-5551
Zeitschrift Leukemia
Quellenangaben Band: 36, Heft: , Seiten: 2863–2874 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Nature Publishing Group
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Research Unit Apoptosis in Hematopoietic Stem Cells (AHS)
Förderungen Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation)
Deutsche Krebshilfe (German Cancer Aid)