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Reliability of a new biokinetic model of zirconium in internal dosimetry: Part II, parameter sensitivity analysis.

Health Phys. 101, 677-692 (2011)
DOI
Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
The reliability of biokinetic models is essential for the assessment of internal doses and a radiation risk analysis for the public and occupational workers exposed to radionuclides. In the present study, a method for assessing the reliability of biokinetic models by means of uncertainty and sensitivity analysis was developed. In the first part of the paper, the parameter uncertainty was analyzed for two biokinetic models of zirconium (Zr); one was reported by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), and one was developed at the Helmholtz Zentrum München-German Research Center for Environmental Health (HMGU). In the second part of the paper, the parameter uncertainties and distributions of the Zr biokinetic models evaluated in Part I are used as the model inputs for identifying the most influential parameters in the models. Furthermore, the most influential model parameter on the integral of the radioactivity of Zr over 50 y in source organs after ingestion was identified. The results of the systemic HMGU Zr model showed that over the first 10 d, the parameters of transfer rates between blood and other soft tissues have the largest influence on the content of Zr in the blood and the daily urinary excretion; however, after day 1,000, the transfer rate from bone to blood becomes dominant. For the retention in bone, the transfer rate from blood to bone surfaces has the most influence out to the endpoint of the simulation; the transfer rate from blood to the upper larger intestine contributes a lot in the later days; i.e., after day 300. The alimentary tract absorption factor (fA) influences mostly the integral of radioactivity of Zr in most source organs after ingestion.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords analysis; sensitivity; biokinetics; dosimetry; internal; ingestion
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0017-9078
e-ISSN 1538-5159
Journal Health Physics
Quellenangaben Volume: 101, Issue: 6, Pages: 677-692 Article Number: , Supplement: ,
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Reviewing status Peer reviewed