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Embryonic stem cells produce neurotrophins in response to cerebral tissue extract: Cell line-dependent differences.
J. Neurosci. Res. 85, 1057-1064 (2007)
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In the present study, we compare the capacity of two different embryonic stem (ES) cell lines to secrete neurotrophins in response to cerebral tissue extract derived from healthy or injured rat brains. The intrinsic capacity of the embryonic cell lines BAC7 (feeder cell-dependent cultivation) to release brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) or neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) exceeded the release of these factors by CGR8 cells (feeder cell-free growth) by factors of 10 and 4, respectively. Nerve growth factor (NGF) was secreted only by BAC7 cells. Conditioning of cell lines with cerebral tissue extract derived from healthy or fluid percussion-injured rat brains resulted in a significant time-dependent increase in BDNF release in both cell lines. The increase in BDNF release by BAC7 cells was more pronounced when cells were incubated with brain extract derived from injured brain. However, differences in neurotrophin release associated with the origin of brain extract were at no time statistically significant. Neutrophin-3 and NGF release was inhibited when cell lines were exposed to cerebral tissue extract. The magnitude of the response to cerebral tissue extract was dependent on the intrinsic capacity of the cell lines to release neurotrophins. Our results clearly demonstrate significant variations in the intrinsic capability of different stem cell lines to produce neurotrophic factors. Furthermore, a significant modulation of neurotrophic factor release was observed following conditioning of cell lines with tissue extract derived from rat brains. A significant modulation of neurotrophin release dependent on the source of cerebral tissue extract used was not observed.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Sprague-Dawley rats; fluid percussion injury; BDNF; NGF; neurotrophin-3
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0360-4012
Zeitschrift Journal of Neuroscience Research
Quellenangaben Band: 85, Heft: 5, Seiten: 1057-1064
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Developmental Genetics (IDG)