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Schipf, S.* ; Werner, A.* ; Tamayo, T.* ; Holle, R. ; Schunk, M. ; Maier, W. ; Meisinger, C. ; Thorand, B. ; Berger, K.* ; Mueller, G.* ; Moebus, S.* ; Bokhof, B.* ; Kluttig, A.* ; Greiser, K.H.* ; Neuhauser, H.* ; Ellert, U.* ; Icks, A.* ; Rathmann, W.* ; Völzke, H.*

Regional differences in the prevalence of known type 2 diabetes mellitus in 45-74 years old individuals: Results from six population-based studies in Germany (DIAB-CORE consortium).

Diabetic Med. 29, E88-E95 (2012)
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Aim:  In Germany, regional data on the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes mellitus are lacking for health-care planning and detection of risk factors associated with this disease. We analysed regional variations in the prevalence of Type 2 diabetes and treatment with antidiabetic agents. Methods:  Data of subjects aged 45-74 years from five regional population-based studies and one nationwide study conducted between 1997 and 2006 were analysed. Information on self-reported diabetes, treatment, and diagnosis of diabetes were compared. Type 2 diabetes prevalence estimates (95% confidence interval) from regional studies were directly standardized to the German population (31 December 2007). Results:  Of the 11 688 participants of the regional studies, 1008 had known Type 2 diabetes, corresponding to a prevalence of 8.6% (8.1-9.1%). For the nationwide study, a prevalence of 8.2% (7.3-9.2%) was estimated. Prevalence was higher in men (9.7%; 8.9-10.4%) than in women (7.6%; 6.9-8.3%). The regional standardized prevalence was highest in the east with 12.0% (10.3-13.7%) and lowest in the south with 5.8% (4.9-6.7%). Among persons with Type 2 diabetes, treatment with oral antidiabetic agents was more frequently reported in the south (56.9%) and less in the northeast (46.0%), whereas treatment with insulin alone was more frequently reported in the northeast (21.6%) than in the south (16.4%). Conclusion:  The prevalence of known Type 2 diabetes mellitus showed a southwest-to-northeast gradient within Germany, which is in accord with regional differences in the distribution of risk factors for Type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, the treatment with antidiabetic agents showed regional differences.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter DIAB-CORE; population-based studies; prevalence; regional differences; Type 2 diabetes
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0742-3071
e-ISSN 1464-5491
Zeitschrift Diabetic Medicine
Quellenangaben Band: 29, Heft: 7, Seiten: E88-E95 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Wiley
Begutachtungsstatus