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Negative feedback mechanisms surpass the effect of intrinsic EGFR activation during skin chemical carcinogenesis.

Am. J. Pathol. 180, 1378-1385 (2012)
DOI
Open Access Green as soon as Postprint is submitted to ZB.
The negative feedback regulation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and other tyrosine kinase receptors, including receptor dephosphorylation and endocytosis followed by degradation, is becoming recognized as a major determinant of receptor function. To evaluate the significance of the negative regulation of EGFR during carcinogenesis in vivo, we subjected the mutant mouse line Dsk5, in which the intrinsic activation of the receptor due to a point mutation is normally counterbalanced by increased posttranslational receptor down-regulation, to skin chemical carcinogenesis. Dsk5 mice showed reduced tumor numbers and tumor burden compared with control littermates, and Dsk5-derived tumors showed a reduction in the activation and total levels of EGFR. Furthermore, the transcript levels of several molecules known to act as negative regulators of EGFR were significantly increased in Dsk5-derived tumors. Another intriguing observation was the appearance of tumors with sebaceous differentiation in the ears of Dsk5 mice after chemical carcinogenesis. Further studies are necessary to reveal whether these tumors represent a cell type-specific evasion from EGFR negative feedback machinery. In conclusion, this study reveals that several negative feedback regulators contribute to suppression of the intrinsic activation of mutant EGFR during skin carcinogenesis, stressing the potential exploitation of negative regulators as either therapeutic targets or diagnostic tools in cancer and other diseases.
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Publication type Article: Journal article
Document type Scientific Article
Keywords GROWTH-FACTOR RECEPTOR; HUMAN AMPHIREGULIN; MOUSE SKIN; MICE; HYPERPLASIA; DEGRADATION; EXPRESSION; PATHOLOGY; EPIDERMIS; ALPHA
Reviewing status