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Pyrolysis and combustion of tobacco in a cigarette smoking simulator under air and nitrogen atmosphere.
Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 403, 419-430 (2012)
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A coupling between a cigarette smoking simulator and a time-of-flight mass spectrometer was constructed to allow investigation of tobacco smoke formation under simulated burning conditions. The cigarette smoking simulator is designed to burn a sample in close approximation to the conditions experienced by a lit cigarette. The apparatus also permits conditions outside those of normal cigarette burning to be investigated for mechanistic understanding purposes. It allows control of parameters such as smouldering and puff temperatures, as well as combustion rate and puffing volume. In this study, the system enabled examination of the effects of "smoking" a cigarette under a nitrogen atmosphere. Time-of-flight mass spectrometry combined with a soft ionisation technique is expedient to analyse complex mixtures such as tobacco smoke with a high time resolution. The objective of the study was to separate pyrolysis from combustion processes to reveal the formation mechanism of several selected toxicants. A purposely designed adapter, with no measurable dead volume or memory effects, enables the analysis of pyrolysis and combustion gases from tobacco and tobacco products (e.g. 3R4F reference cigarette) with minimum aging. The combined system demonstrates clear distinctions between smoke composition found under air and nitrogen smoking atmospheres based on the corresponding mass spectra and visualisations using principal component analysis.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Single-photon ionisation; Mass spectrometry; Pyrolysis; Cigarette mainstream smoke; Tobacco; 3R4F; SINGLE-PHOTON IONIZATION; FLIGHT MASS-SPECTROMETRY; PUFF-BY-PUFF; ELECTROCYCLIC FRAGMENTATION MECHANISMS; ENHANCED MULTIPHOTON IONIZATION; CARBOHYDRATE PYROLYSIS; MAINSTREAM SMOKE; D-GLUCOSE; RESOLVED CHARACTERIZATION; PHOTOIONIZATION METHODS
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1618-2642
Zeitschrift Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Quellenangaben Band: 403, Heft: 2, Seiten: 419-430
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed