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Leynaert, B.* ; Sunyer, J.* ; García-Esteban, R.* ; Svanes, C.* ; Jarvis, D.* ; Cerveri, I.* ; Dratva, J.* ; Gislason, T.* ; Heinrich, J. ; Janson, C.* ; Kuenzli, N.* ; de Marco, R.* ; Omenaas, E.* ; Raherison, C.* ; Real, F.G.* ; Wjst, M. ; Zemp, E.* ; Zureik, M.* ; Burney, P.G.J.* ; Antò, J.M.* ; Neukirch, F.*

Gender differences in prevalence, diagnosis and incidence of allergic and non-allergic asthma: A population-based cohort.

Thorax 67, 625-631 (2012)
Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
Although women with severe non-allergic asthma may represent a substantial proportion of adults with asthma in clinical practice, gender differences in the incidence of allergic and non-allergic asthma have been little investigated in the general population. METHODS: Gender differences in asthma prevalence, reported diagnosis and incidence were investigated in 9091 men and women randomly selected from the general population and followed up after 8-10 years as part of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey. The protocol included assessment of bronchial responsiveness, IgE specific to four common allergens and skin tests to nine allergens. RESULTS: Asthma was 20% more frequent in women than in men over the age of 35 years. Possible under-diagnosis of asthma appeared to be particularly frequent among non-atopic individuals, but was as frequent in women as in men. The follow-up of subjects without asthma at baseline showed a higher incidence of asthma in women than in men (HR 1.94; 95% CI 1.40 to 2.68), which was not explained by differences in smoking, obesity or lung function. More than 60% of women and 30% of men with new-onset asthma were non-atopic. The incidence of non-allergic asthma was higher in women than in men throughout all the reproductive years (HR 3.51; 95% CI 2.21 to 5.58), whereas no gender difference was observed for the incidence of allergic asthma. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that female sex is an independent risk factor for non-allergic asthma, and stresses the need for more careful assessment of possible non-allergic asthma in clinical practice, in men and women.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0040-6376
e-ISSN 1468-3296
Zeitschrift Thorax
Quellenangaben Band: 67, Heft: 7, Seiten: 625-631 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag BMJ Publishing Group
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed