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Willershäuser, M. ; Ehrhardt, N.* ; Elvert, R.* ; Wirth, E. K.* ; Schweizer, U.* ; Gailus-Durner, V. ; Fuchs, H. ; Hrabě de Angelis, M. ; Rozman, J. ; Klingenspor, M.*

Systematic screening for mutant mouse lines with defects in body temperature regulation.

In: Living in a Seasonal World. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012. 459-469
Spontaneous daily torpor as well as cold- and fasting-induced torpor is observed in many mammals and birds. The frequency and intensity of torpor are largely influenced by well characterized environmental conditions. The inherited component of phenotypic variation in body temperature regulation is, however, only poorly understood. The identification of mutations affecting physiological body temperature regulation may elucidate novel molecular mechanisms contributing to metabo- and thermoregulatory behavior. Therefore, we monitored rectal body temperature (T b) in six inbred mouse strains (129/SvJ, AKR/J, C57BL/6J, C57BL/6N, Balb/cJ, and SWR/J) and in 146 mutant mouse lines and age-matched controls. Measurements were taken under ad libitum conditions and in response to either food restriction or food deprivation. Inbred mice showed considerable strain-specific differences in T b under ad libitum feeding as well as after food restriction and deprivation. T b was on average ≈0.4°C higher in females as compared to males in all inbred lines. The thermoregulatory response to food restriction reflected a trade-off between changes in T b and body mass with the least body mass loss in mice exhibiting the largest drop in T b. In mutant mouse lines under ad libitum feeding T b of 36 out of 146 was significantly higher (15 lines) or lower (21 lines) as compared with controls. In response to food restriction and deprivation, 13 mutant mouse lines with augmented T b reduction were found two of which showed rectal T b lower than 31°C. In conclusion, T b under ad libitum as well as in response to food deprivation is an important indicator for genotype-related differences on systemic functions. Depending on the test conditions 25–32% of all mutant lines showed significant alterations in T b.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Sammelbandbeitrag/Buchkapitel
Schlagwörter no keywords
ISBN 978-3-642-28677-3
Bandtitel Living in a Seasonal World
Quellenangaben Band: , Heft: , Seiten: 459-469 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Springer
Verlagsort Berlin, Heidelberg