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Krepstakies, M.* ; Lucifora, J. ; Nagel, C.H.* ; Zeisel, M.B.* ; Holstermann, B.* ; Hohenberg, H.* ; Kowalski, I.* ; Gutsmann, T.* ; Baumert, T.F.* ; Brandenburg, K.* ; Hauber, J.* ; Protzer, U.

A new class of synthetic peptide inhibitors blocks attachment and entry of human pathogenic viruses.

J. Infect. Dis. 205, 1654-1664 (2012)
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Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
Many enveloped viruses, including herpes viruses, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), are among the most important human pathogens and are often responsible for coinfections involving >= 2 types of viruses. However, therapies that are effective against multiple virus classes are rare. Here we present a new class of synthetic anti-lipopolysaccharide peptides (SALPs) that bind to heparan sulfate moieties on the cell surface and inhibit infection with a variety of enveloped viruses. We demonstrate that SALPs inhibit entry of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), herpes simplex virus (HSV) 1 and 2, HBV, and HCV to their respective host cells. Despite their high antiviral efficiency, SALPs were well tolerated, and neither toxicity nor measurable inhibitor-induced adverse effects were observed. Since these broad-spectrum antiviral peptides target a host cell rather than a viral component, they may also be useful for suppression of viruses that are resistant to antiviral drugs.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter HEPATITIS-B-VIRUS; HEPARAN-SULFATE PROTEOGLYCANS; C VIRUS; ANTI-HIV-1 ACTIVITY; DRUG-RESISTANCE; ANTIVIRAL DRUGS; CELL-LINE; INFECTION; BINDING; TYPE-1
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0022-1899
e-ISSN 1537-6613
Quellenangaben Band: 205, Heft: 11, Seiten: 1654-1664 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Oxford University Press
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed