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From dynamic expression patterns to boundary formation in the presomitic mesoderm.

PLoS Comput. Biol. 8:e1002586 (2012)
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Open Access Gold
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The segmentation of the vertebrate body is laid down during early embryogenesis. The formation of signaling gradients, the periodic expression of genes of the Notch-, Fgf- and Wnt-pathways and their interplay in the unsegmented presomitic mesoderm (PSM) precedes the rhythmic budding of nascent somites at its anterior end, which later develops into epithelialized structures, the somites. Although many in silico models describing partial aspects of somitogenesis already exist, simulations of a complete causal chain from gene expression in the growth zone via the interaction of multiple cells to segmentation are rare. Here, we present an enhanced gene regulatory network (GRN) for mice in a simulation program that models the growing PSM by many virtual cells and integrates WNT3A and FGF8 gradient formation, periodic gene expression and Delta/Notch signaling. Assuming Hes7 as core of the somitogenesis clock and LFNG as modulator, we postulate a negative feedback of HES7 on Dll1 leading to an oscillating Dll1 expression as seen in vivo. Furthermore, we are able to simulate the experimentally observed wave of activated NOTCH (NICD) as a result of the interactions in the GRN. We esteem our model as robust for a wide range of parameter values with the Hes7 mRNA and protein decays exerting a strong influence on the core oscillator. Moreover, our model predicts interference between Hes1 and HES7 oscillators when their intrinsic frequencies differ. In conclusion, we have built a comprehensive model of somitogenesis with HES7 as core oscillator that is able to reproduce many experimentally observed data in mice.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter SOMITE SEGMENTATION CLOCK; NOTCH SIGNALING PATHWAY; NEGATIVE FEEDBACK LOOP; BODY AXIS EXTENSION; LUNATIC-FRINGE; OSCILLATORY EXPRESSION; RETINOIC ACID; MOUSE EMBRYO; VERTEBRATE SEGMENTATION; PARAXIAL MESODERM
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1553-734X
e-ISSN 1553-7358
Quellenangaben Band: 8, Heft: 6, Seiten: , Artikelnummer: e1002586 Supplement: ,
Verlag Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed