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Stably integrated and expressed retroviral sequences can influence nuclear location and chromatin condensation of the integration locus.
Chromosoma 121, 353-367 (2012)
Verlagsversion Volltext DOI
The large-scale chromatin organization of retrovirus and retroviral gene vector integration loci has attracted little attention so far. We compared the nuclear organization of transcribed integration loci with the corresponding loci on the homologous chromosomes. Loci containing gamma-retroviral gene transfer vectors in mouse hematopoietic precursor cells showed small but significant repositioning of the integration loci towards the nuclear interior. HIV integration loci in human cells showed a significant repositioning towards the nuclear interior in two out of five cases. Notably, repositioned HIV integration loci also showed chromatin decondensation. Transcriptional activation of HIV by sodium butyrate treatment did not lead to a further enhancement of the differences between integration and homologous loci. The positioning relative to splicing speckles was indistinguishable for integration and homologous control loci. Our data show that stable retroviral integration can lead to alterations of the nuclear chromatin organization, and has the potential to modulate chromatin structure of the host cell. We thus present an example where a few kb of exogenous DNA are sufficient to significantly alter the large-scale chromatin organization of an endogenous locus.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter In-Situ Hybridization; Chronic Granulomatous-Disease; Virus Type-1 Rnas; Human Cell-Nuclei; Gene-Therapy; Hematopoietic-Cells; Chromosome Territories; HIV-1; Activation; EVI1
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0009-5915
Quellenangaben Band: 121, Heft: 4, Seiten: 353-367
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed
Institut(e) Institute of Virology (VIRO)