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Hauck, S.M. ; Hofmaier, F.* ; Dietter, J. ; Swadzba, M.E.* ; Blindert, M. ; Amann, B.* ; Behler, J. ; Kremmer, E. ; Ueffing, M. ; Deeg, C.A.*

Label-free LC-MSMS analysis of vitreous from autoimmune uveitis reveals a significant decrease in secreted Wnt signalling inhibitors DKK3 and SFRP2.

J. Proteomics 75, 4545-4554 (2012)
DOI
Open Access Green möglich sobald Postprint bei der ZB eingereicht worden ist.
Equine recurrent uveitis is a severe and frequent blinding disease in horses which presents with auto-reactive invading T-cells, resulting in the destruction of the inner eye. Infiltration of inflammatory cells into the retina and vitreous is driven by currently unknown guidance cues, however surgical removal of the vitreous (vitrectomy) has proven therapeutically successful. Therefore, proteomic analyses of vitrectomy samples are likely to result in detection of proteins contributing to disease pathogenesis. Vitreous from healthy and ERU diseased horses were directly compared by quantitative mass spectrometry based on label-free quantification of peak intensities across samples. We found a significant upregulation of complement and coagulation cascades and downregulation of negative paracrine regulators of canonical Wnt signalling including the Wnt signalling inhibitors DKK3 and SFRP2. Based on immunohistochemistry, both proteins are expressed in equine retina and suggest localisation to retinal Muller glial cells (RMG), which may be the source cells for these proteins. Furthermore, retinal expression levels and patterns of DKK3 change in response to ERU. Since many other regulated proteins identified here are associated with RMG cells, these cells qualify as the prime responders to autoimmune triggers. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: "Farm animal proteomics".
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Spontaneous Animal Model ; Autoimmune Disease ; Retinal Muller Glial Cells ; Protein Network Analyses ; Retina; Frizzled-Related Protein-2; Epithelium-Derived Factor; Target Tissue; Expression; Pathway; Model; Identification; Autoantigens; Activation; Proteomics
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1874-3919
e-ISSN 1876-7737
Zeitschrift Journal of Proteomics
Quellenangaben Band: 75, Heft: 14, Seiten: 4545-4554 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed