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Costs of back pain in Germany.
Eur. J. Pain 13, 280-286 (2009)
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With 12-month prevalence rates of more than 70%, back pain is currently one of the major health problems for German adults and entails major economic consequences. The aim of this study was to estimate back pain-related costs from a societal perspective and to determine the impact of sociodemographic variables on costs. Based on back pain-related survey data of a large German adult sample (9267 respondents, response rate 60%), costs were assessed using a prevalence-based bottom-up approach. Direct costs caused by utilisation of healthcare services, as well as indirect costs due to back pain-related production losses were considered. All prices are expressed in 2005 Euros. Average total back pain costs per patient were estimated to be €1322 (95% CI [1173–1487]) per year. These costs are split between direct (46%) and indirect (54%) costs. Bivariate analysis showed considerable differences in total costs between the Von Korff back pain grades (GCPS Group I: Mean 414.4, 95% CI [333.2–506.3]; II: 783.6 [574.5–1044.4]; III: 3017.2 [2392.9–3708.6]; IV: 7115.7 [5418.5–9006.5]). Male gender, increasing age, single status, low education, unemployment, and increasing back pain grade had a significant positive impact on the cost magnitude in multivariate analysis. Despite several limitations, this study provides important information concerning the relevance of back pain as a health problem and its socioeconomic consequences. The information may be of value for decision-making and allocation of research fund resources.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Back pain; Cost-of-illness; Bottom-up approach; Healthcare utilisation; Burden of disease
ISSN (print) / ISBN 1090-3801
Zeitschrift European Journal of Pain
Quellenangaben Band: 13, Heft: 3, Seiten: 280-286