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Bosman, E.A.* ; Quint, E.* ; Fuchs, H. ; Hrabě de Angelis, M. ; Steel, K.P.*

Catweasel mice: A novel role for Six1 in sensory patch development and a model for branchio-oto-renal syndrome.

Dev. Biol. 328, 285-296 (2009)
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Large-scale mouse mutagenesis initiatives have provided new mouse mutants that are useful models of human deafness and vestibular dysfunction. Catweasel is a novel N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea (ENU)-induced Mutation. Heterozygous catweasel mutant mice exhibit mild headtossing associated with a posterior crista defect. We mapped the catweasel mutation to a critical region of 13 Mb on chromosome 12 containing the Six1, -4 and -6 genes. We identified a basepair substitution in exon I of the Six1 gene that changes a conserved glutamic acid (E) at position 121 to a glycine (G) in the Six1 homeodomain. Cwe/Cwe animals lack Preyer and righting reflexes, display severe headshaking and have severely truncated cochlea and semicircular canals. Cwe/Cwe animals had very few hair cells in the utricle, but their ampullae and cochlea were devoid of any hair cells. Bmp4, Jag1 and Sox2 expression were largely absent at early stages of sensory development and NeuroD expression was reduced in the developing vestibulo-acoustic ganglion. Lastly we show that Six1 genetically interacts with Jag1. We propose that the catweasel phenotype is due to a hypomorphic mutation in Six1 and that catweasel mice are a Suitable model for branchio-oto-renal syndrome. In addition Six1 has a pivotal role in early sensory patch development and may act in the same genetic pathway as Jag1.
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Publikationstyp Artikel: Journalartikel
Dokumenttyp Wissenschaftlicher Artikel
Schlagwörter Six1; Mouse; BOR; Inner ear; Sensory patch; Hair cell; Kidney; Incus; Jag1; mammalian inner-ear; in-situ hybridization; organ development; bor syndrome; mouse; expression; neurogenesis; mutations; family; kidney
ISSN (print) / ISBN 0012-1606
e-ISSN 0012-1606
Zeitschrift Developmental Biology
Quellenangaben Band: 328, Heft: 2, Seiten: 285-296 Artikelnummer: , Supplement: ,
Verlag Elsevier
Begutachtungsstatus Peer reviewed